(Deuteronomy 30:19), iii. This is how it is to be done: Every creditor shall cancel any loan they have made to a fellow Israelite. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. mezuza, mezuzah - religious texts from Deuteronomy inscribed on parchment and rolled up in a case that is attached to the doorframe of many Jewish households in … Salem Media Group. This could give a person a wilderness kind of relationship with God, but could never bring them into the Promised Land kind of relationship with God. On this side of the Jordan: This was one of the last things Moses did to prepare the people of Israel to finally enter into the Promised Land. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Unless they did not believe Him, there was no reason to confirm it on their own. As the children had not been partakers of the sinful outbreak, they were spared to obtain the privilege which their unbelieving parents had forfeited. Yet they answered God’s faithfulness with rebellion, murmuring, and unbelief. His disobedience to God at Meribah (Numbers 20:1-13) meant that he would not see Israel’s exodus from Egypt through to completion. We have sinned against the LORD; we will go up and fight: After hearing the consequences of their rejection of God, Israel had a change of heart. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Deuteronomy 1:5 "On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying," Moses explains the “law” that God had already given them in the Books of Genesis through Numbers. MOSES' SPEECH AT THE END OF THE FORTIETH YEAR. Deuteronomy 6:1-9. It was time to move on in faith and take the land of promise. The Book of Deuteronomy (literally "second law" from Greek deuteros + nomos) is the fifth book of the Jewish Torah, where it is called Devarim (Heb. . Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. A search into what constitutes the heavenly life. i. Satan loves to make us forget what we should remember (the past victories and miracles of God on our behalf). a. Only Joshua could do that – and the Hebrew name Joshua exactly corresponds to the name Jesus. b. Rebelled against the command of the LORD: They did this in the midst of their supposed repentance. Unbelief and lack of trust is the real enemy. Deuteronomy 1:1 These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain over against the Red sea, between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab. Book of Deuteronomy. ii. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. a. Kadesh Barnea: This was the place where, in Numbers 13 and 14, Israel believed the report of the unfaithful spies and rebelled against God, refusing to go into the Promised Land. Moses spake unto the children of Israel, &c.--This impressive discourse, in which Moses reviewed all that God had done for His people, was delivered about a month before his death, and after peace and tranquillity had been restored by the complete conquest of Sihon and Og. 1. The LORD your God, who goes before you, He will fight for you, according to all He did for you in Egypt before your eyes, and in the wilderness where you saw how the LORD your God carried you, as a man carries his son, in all the way that you went until you came to this place.’ Yet, for all that, you did not believe the LORD your God, who went in the way before you to search out a place for you to pitch your tents, to show you the way you should go, in the fire by night and in the cloud by day.”. d. Yet, for all that, you did not believe the LORD your God: In essence, it was not sin that kept Israel out of the Promised Land. However, the Numbers 10 account does not give us the details recorded here. Do not fear or be dismayed.’" Deuteronomy 1:21, NLT: "Look! . The word “expound” means to “make clear.” Moses’ message was more than a restatement of the law, it was also an interpretation of the law designed to lead the people to understand and apply it in their personal lives. c. The LORD your God, who goes before you, He will fight for you, according to all He did for you in Egypt before your eyes: With these words, Moses did his best to encourage the people. . Verses 1-8. (Read Deuteronomy 1:9-18) Moses reminds the people of the happy constitution of their government, which might make them all safe and easy, if it was not their own fault. . We often think that it is really some sin that hinders us from going on with the LORD. 28:18–20), for Jesus is with us (Matt. Unless they did not believe Him, there was no reason to take a look at the enemies and see if God was somehow up to the challenge. These are the words which Moses spoke to all Israel on this side of the Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain opposite Suph, between Paran, Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Dizahab. Then you returned and wept before the LORD, but the LORD would not listen to your voice nor give ear to you. When tempted by Satan to short-cut the cross by bowing down to worship the devil, Jesus answered Satan from Deuteronomy 6:13: You shall fear the Lord your God and serve Him. d. Which Moses spoke to all Israel: Essentially, the Book of Deuteronomy was a sermon – or a series of sermons, preached by Moses to Israel, and preached with a heavy and passionate heart. b. And everyone of you came near to me and said, “Let us send men before us”: As Moses remembered this suggestion, he looked back with regret. The Arab marauders roam about on horseback, and hence the walls of St. Catherine's monastery on Sinai are so lofty that travellers are drawn up by a pulley in a basket. iv. But as for you, turn and take your journey into the wilderness by the Way of the Red Sea.’”. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. After their total defeat, then they wept and wept – but again, this was over the consequences of getting caught, not over grieving the heart of God, and not over their sin of not believing the great love of God. The LORD our God spoke to us in Horeb: This departure from Mount Sinai (Horeb and Sinai are different names for the same place) was recorded in Numbers 10. There are eleven days' journey from Horeb--Distances are computed in the East still by the hours or days occupiesd by the journey. God's ways are not as man's ways [ Isaiah 55:8 Isaiah 55:9 ]. i. Deuteronomy 1:2 (There are eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir unto Kadeshbarnea.) Only Jesus can bring us into a Promised Land relationship with God. 1 These are the words Moses spoke to all Israel in the wilderness east of the Jordan —that is, in the Arabah —opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth and Dizahab. It is a good land which the LORD our God is giving us: It was enough that the nation of Israel had the report from the godly spies, Joshua and Caleb. Verses 26-40. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. 5. So though the plan did not originate with God (Deuteronomy 1 indicates that it started with the people, and was approved by Moses), the LORD essentially said: “If you are going to send spies, send twelve, and have them represent the whole nation by sending one from each tribe.”. This was the land of Canaan that God promised them but which they had not occupied for 400 years. “And everyone of you came near to me and said, ‘Let us send men before us, and let them search out the land for us, and bring back word to us of the way by which we should go up, and of the cities into which we shall come.’ The plan pleased me well; so I took twelve of your men, one man from each tribe.”. But this mention of the time was made to show that the great number of years spent in travelling from Horeb to the plain of Moab was not owing to the length of the way, but to a very different cause; namely, banishment for their apostasy and frequent rebellions. In the wilderness: They had come through a long, and difficult journey from Egypt – made all the more long and difficult because of their unbelief and the death of the adult generation which first came out of Egypt. The only exceptions mentioned are Caleb and Joshua, who was to be Moses' successor. a. It was there before them, ready for them to take by faith if they would not fear or be discouraged. The Hebrew word, Suph, "red" (for "sea," which our translators have inserted, is not in the original, and Moses was now farther from the Red Sea than ever), probably meant a place noted for its reeds ( Numbers 21:14 ). So you remained in Kadesh many days, according to the days that you spent there.”. 1 These are the words that Moses spoke to the Israelites. Where can we go up? Hazeroth--is a different place from that at which the Israelites encamped after leaving "the desert of Sinai.". Moses’ heart was passionate because he knew that if this new generation – a generation of faith, unlike the generation which perished in the wilderness – if this new generation did not obey the Law of God, then God’s covenant would work against them and curse them. You have dwelt long enough at this mountain: Simply, God told Israel to move on. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Ashtaroth--the royal residence of Og, so called from Astarte ("the moon"), the tutelary goddess of the Syrians. Deuteronomy 1:1-46 . We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Accordingly, to furnish a recapitulation of the leading branches of their faith and duty was among the last public services which Moses rendered to Israel. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Was angry, and took an oath: In response to Israel’s unbelief and lack of trust in God’s love, God swore an oath (Psalm 95:11) that the adult generation which came out of Egypt would not inherit the Promised Land, but would die in the desolate wilderness instead. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The name Deuteronomy means “second law.” It was the second giving of the Mosaic Law, the first being at Mount Sinai. Choose wise, understanding, and knowledgeable men from among your tribes, and I will make them heads over you: Some think that the appointment of leaders described in Deuteronomy 1 referred to the appointment of Judges in Exodus 18. The LORD your God has multiplied you, and here you are today, as the stars of heaven in multitude. “Nevertheless you would not go up, but rebelled against the command of the LORD your God; and you complained in your tents, and said, ‘Because the LORD hates us, He has brought us out of the land of Egypt to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. b. (2 Peter 1:12). a. Notice that Moses was commanding the people (i.e., their leaders) to take responsibility (they choose) for the community along with himself (Moses appoints). To get what Deuteronomy 1:16 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. These are the words which Moses spoke to all Israel, Moses spoke to all Israel… in the wilderness, It is eleven days’ journey from Horeb by way of Mount Seir to Kadesh Barnea, After he had killed Sihon king of the Amorites… and Og king of Bashan, You have dwelt long enough at this mountain, Turn and take your journey… See, I have set the land before you, Choose wise, understanding, and knowledgeable men from among your tribes, and I will make them heads over you, So I took the heads of your tribes, wise and knowledgeable men, and made them heads over you, Look, the LORD your God has set the land before you; go up and possess it, And everyone of you came near to me and said, “Let us send men before us”, It is a good land which the LORD our God is giving us, You would not go up, but rebelled… and you murmured in your tents… you did not believe the LORD your God, The LORD your God, who goes before you, He will fight for you, according to all He did for you in Egypt before your eyes, Yet, for all that, you did not believe the LORD your God, Joshua… he shall cause Israel to inherit it, Moreover your little ones and your children, whom you say will be victims… they shall possess it, We have sinned against the LORD; we will go up and fight, The Amorites who dwelt in that mountain came out against you and chased you as bees do, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . i. Abraham was told ( Genesis 15:5 Genesis 15:6 ) to look to the stars, and though they "appear" innumerable, yet those seen by the naked eye amount, in reality, to no more than three thousand ten in both hemispheres. Moreover your little ones and your children, who you say will be victims, who today have no knowledge of good and evil, they shall go in there; to them I will give it, and they shall possess it. A parable is told about God speaking. You can check these in your browser security settings. 46. These new judges (i.e., tribal leaders) were to be: 1. See more. In His temptation in the wilderness, it seems obvious that Jesus meditated on Deuteronomy because in answering Satan, He quoted from it three times. Deuteronomy Chapter 1 Summary. Tophel--identified as Tafyle or Tafeilah, lying between Bozrah and Kerak. ... Echad also means ‘first’ in many parts of scripture (eg Gen 8:5,13), but I’m not sure we should push for that translation, unless we stress the meaning of having first place, or number one priority. And the Amorites who dwelt in that mountain came out against you and chased you as bees do, and drove you back from Seir to Hormah. But when the new generation trusted God and went forward, God immediately gave them victory – over two pagan kings (Sihon and Og). In addition to that, all the twelve spies were united on saying “It is a good land which the LORD our God is giving us” (Numbers 13:27). b. who in that day had no knowledge between good and evil--All ancient versions read "to-day" instead of "that day"; and the sense is--"your children who now know," or "who know not as yet good or evil." iii. I spake unto you at that time, saying, I am not able to bear you myself alone--a little before their arrival in Horeb. They should ask, “What would it take to finally convince me that God really loves me?” We don’t wait for God to give us everything we want before we love Him. See, I have set the land before you; go in and possess the land which the LORD swore to your fathers; to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; to give to them and their descendants after them.’“. There was great reason for his dwelling on this dark passage in their history, as it was their unbelief that excluded them from the privilege of entering the promised land ( Hebrews 3:19 ); and that unbelief was a marvellous exhibition of human perversity, considering the miracles which God had wrought in their favor, especially in the daily manifestations they had of His presence among them as their leader and protector. They shall not require payment from anyone among their own people, because the LORD’s time for canceling debts has been proclaimed. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Moses felt compelled to bring this reminder of the Law to Israel, because those ready to enter the Promised Land were only children – if born at all … c. Turn and take your journey… See, I have set the land before you: Though it would be a challenge, God had set the Promised Land before Israel – and Moses here remembered when He spoke to them at Sinai and told them to move on and take the land. To help Moses bear the burden, God directed him to appoint seventy elders to assist him in bearing up under the pressure of leading the nation. Deuteronomy 1. God had told them that the land was good. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Some others believe it refers tp the appointment of elders described in Numbers 11. ii. Bible Dictionaries - Smith's Bible Dictionary - Deuteronomy. “And I spoke to you at that time, saying: ‘I alone am not able to bear you. c. So I took the heads of your tribes, wise and knowledgeable men, and made them heads over you: Moses chose the elders of Israel by using a combination of approval by the congregation, and approval by Moses himself. Their sorrow was not over grieving the heart of God but over forty more years in the wilderness. I have set the land before you--literally, "before your faces"--it is accessible; there is no impediment to your occupation. May the LORD God of your fathers make you a thousand times more numerous than you are, and bless you as He has promised you! b. You can also change some of your preferences. e. Moses spoke to all Israel… in the wilderness: Deuteronomy is also a book of note, because it was a useful book of reminder and preparation for Jesus. The people suggested it and Moses agreed to it. The Command to Leave Horeb. He has placed the land in front of you. 6. Moses then instructed the elders in principles of righteous leadership, and thus relieved himself of many burdens. i. i. Deuteronomy 1:6. It is sobering to consider how easily, how quickly, and how completely, God sees through our excuses. These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel--The mental condition of the people generally in that infantine age of the Church, and the greater number of them being of young or tender years, rendered it expedient to repeat the laws and counsels which God had given. Moses knew they needed to know the Word. MOSES' SPEECH AT THE END OF THE FORTIETH YEAR. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Moses felt compelled to bring this reminder of the Law to Israel, because those ready to enter the Promised Land were only children – if born at all – when the Law was originally given at Mount Sinai. The Israelites were grieved when they found themselves involved in difficulties and perils; but their sorrow arose not from a sense of the guilt so much as the sad effects of their perverse conduct; and "though they wept," they were not true penitents. As described in Numbers 11, these elders had a precious function: To stand there with Moses (Numbers 11:16), to have the same Spirit as Moses, and to bear the burden of the people with Moses (Numbers 11:17). language of Moses, in reminding the Israelites of their perverse conduct and outrageous rebellion at the report of the treacherous and fainthearted scouts, affords a strong evidence of the truth of this history as well as of the divine authority of his mission. i. Moses’ heart was heavy because he knew that he would not enter the Promised Land of Canaan with Israel. DEUTERONOMY 1 Other translations - next - notes - discussion - Deuteronomy - BM Home - Full Page Deuteronomy Chapter 1. Deuteronomy 1 1 These are the words Moses spoke to all Israel in the desert east of the Jordan--that is, in the Arabah--opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth and Dizahab. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. The victory was ready as soon as Israel was ready to receive it in faith. Nevertheless! They were not persuaded of the love of God, and they found it hard to trust a God they did not believe loved them. From reading only Numbers 13:2 it might seem that this plan to send spies into Canaan originated with God, not the people. “Then you answered and said to me, ‘We have sinned against the LORD; we will go up and fight, just as the LORD our God commanded us.’ And when everyone of you had girded on his weapons of war, you were ready to go up into the mountain. a. 10. ye are this day as the stars of heaven for multitude--This was neither an Oriental hyperbole nor a mere empty boast. The command given them was to march straight to Canaan, and possess it [ Deuteronomy 1:7 ]. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Despite the fact we have seen that God’s word is true, we will not trust Him for great things in the future. Deuteronomy 1:3 And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spake unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the LORD had given him in commandment unto them; They are prepared to go into Canaan in year 40, month 11, day 1. It could possibly be either, but from the flow of Moses’ context in Deuteronomy 1, it seems best to consider that it was the appointment of elders in Numbers 11. b. I alone am not able to bear you: Moses experienced this crisis in Numbers 11 when the people complained again about the food God provided. a. 1. This verse must be considered therefore as a parenthesis. Now we can simply receive His love. b. i. 40-45. turn you, and take your journey into the . Some of these places are unknown to us. Of our site functions them, ready for them Moses ’ heart was heavy he... Wept before the LORD, the first being at Mount Sinai with the Covenant... 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