The supreme governing institution of the Bahá'í Faith is the Universal House of Justice, situated in Haifa, Israel. It is split into two parts, the elected and the appointed. The shining spark of truth cometh forth only after the clash of differing opinions. Learn More . Foremost, the Administrative Order is intended to serve as a channel through which the spirit of the Faith is to flow, embodying in its operation the kind of relationships that must come to bind together and sustain society as humanity moves towards collective maturity. When it was determined that no more "Hands" could be appointed, the Universal House of Justice formed the Institution of the Counsellors to fulfill their duties. Centers of Learning. The affairs of the Bahá’í community are administered through a system of institutions, each with its defined sphere of action. Baháʼís may, depending on circumstances, serve on multiple institutions. Menace of Social Chaos; Paramount Duty of Every Bahá’í; Letter of November 27, 1924.  Baháʼu'lláh envisioned a Supreme House of Justice, with local Houses of Justice in every community where nine or more adult Baháʼís reside. The members at the local level are free to vote for any adult Bahaʼi(s) in the district or unit in good standing, keeping in mind the guidance from Shoghi Effendi that the individuals should, "combine the necessary qualities of unquestioned loyalty, of selfless devotion, of a well-trained mind, of recognized ability and mature experience..." The delegates elected at the local level have two principal duties to carry out at the national convention – to elect the National Spiritual Assembly and to make recommendations to that body on issues relevant to it. The nation is divided into voting districts or units. It may not alter the scriptural laws defined by Baháʼu'lláh and ʻAbdu'l-Bahá. Rather, these were to be seen as activities which were open to the wider community, but would be characteristic of a Baháʼí's community life. Members are chosen by the electorate based on Shoghi Effendi's stated criteria consisting of five qualities: The Universal House of Justice further clarified that the elector, having determined those who meet these qualifications, should give "due consideration. In general, adult Baháʼís in good standing resident in the jurisdiction are both the electorate (either directly or through delegation) as well as the pool of potential members to serve on the body being elected. Founded upon the belief that God guides humanity through messengers, many of whom have prophesied a "Kingdom of Heaven on earth", and the belief that Baháʼu'lláh's revelation is the fulfillment of such prophesies, Baháʼís see in his writings a system both of God and of the people. The nine Baháʼís with the most votes are elected. The formation of this International Executive, which corresponds to the executive head or board in present-day national governments, is but a step leading to the Baháʼí world government of the future, and hence should not be identified with either the institution of the Guardianship or that of the International House of Justice. The Baháʼí community began to incorporate more active service, socio-economic development efforts ballooned in number, and local and national communities became more focused on examining the needs of their wider non-Baháʼí communities, to see how the faith could aid them. This plan opened up whole new geographic regions to the Baháʼís, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá encouraging Baháʼís to connect with the peoples of all races and cultures. (God Passes By) These two institutions are described in ʻAbdu'l-Bahá's Will and Testament as having divine authority: The same Will appoints Shoghi Effendi as the Guardian, and gives further details about the structure of the administration, including election and appointment processes. Both boards report to the Continental Board that appointed them, regardless of their focus. He revealed principles that guide its operation, established its institutions, appointed ‘Abdu’l-Bahá as the sole interpreter of His Word, and conferred … Administrative system of the Baháʼí Faith, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, texts from within a religion or faith system, Statistics on National Spiritual Assemblies, "Baháʼí Reference Library – God Passes By, Pages 197–220", "Baháʼí Reference Library – The World Order of Baháʼu'lláh, Pages 143–157", "Baháʼí Reference Library – Tablets of Baháʼu'lláh Revealed After the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Pages 83–97", "Baháʼí Reference Library – Tablets of Baháʼu'lláh Revealed After the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Pages 21–29", "Baháʼí Reference Library – Peace, Page 33", "Baháʼí Reference Library – The World Order of Baháʼu'lláh, Pages 64–67", Baha'i Administration: Selected Messages 1922–1932, Changing Reality: The Bahá'í Community and the Creation of a New Reality, "FOR BAHA'I FAITH, ELECTIONS ARE SPIRITUAL CAMPAIGNING FORBIDDEN IN VOTING FOR ADMINISTRATIVE BODY", "Association for Baha'i Studies » Archive » Baha'i Internet Agency Whitepapers", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baháʼí_administration&oldid=1000926243, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2021, Articles needing more viewpoints from January 2021, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The functions of this branch were originally carried out by the Hands of the Cause of God appointed by Baháʼu'lláh, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, and Shoghi Effendi. The 27 living Hands of the Cause, appointed for life by Shoghi Effendi and referred to by him as "the Chief Stewards of Baháʼu'lláh's embryonic World Commonwealth" signed a unanimous proclamation on 25 November 1957, shortly after the death of Shoghi Effendi, stating that he had died "without having appointed his successor", and leaving further decisions about the Guardianship to the Universal House of Justice which had yet to be elected. Bahá’í institutions are not conceived only as a means of administering the internal aspects of Bahá’í community life, essential though this is. When duly constituted, however, and specifically when deciding matters as a body, these councils act as the heads of the community. This collection of pages explores the topic of the Bahá’í Administrative Order. The Baháʼís were encouraged not to see these "core activities" as simply Baháʼí activities. Seen as embryonic institutions, national and local Houses of Justice are currently given the temporary appellation of "Spiritual Assemblies" and are expected, over time, to mature into fully functional Houses of Justice. Over time, these concepts were clarified initially in Baháʼu'lláh's writings, and then in those of his eldest son and successor, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá. All decisions by these bodies must be made, and are considered valid if, and only if the body is duly constituted, and meeting as a body with a quorum of members present. Shoghi Effendi worked throughout his life to establish the necessary secondary institutions that were required for the election of the Universal House of Justice, which was first elected in 1963. Regional Baháʼí Councils (RBC) have also been established in several larger national Baháʼí communities. https://bahaiteachings.org › bahai-administrative-order-explained It is viewed as both a system for conducting the affairs of the Bahá'í Faith itself and as a promising model that can be easily adopted by other institutions of administration and governance. ʻAbdu'l-Bahá unveiled the "Secondary", or National House of Justice in his will. The book briefly discusses how assemblies are established, their station in the Baha'i community, qualifications for membership, … One hundred years after Baháʼu'lláh's death, the Baháʼís celebrated a "holy year", during which the fully authorized translation of the Kitáb-i-Aqdas (Most Holy Book) was published. Together, they invigorate individual and collective efforts to contribute to the wellbeing of society. The Baháʼí administration has two distinct elements: the elected and appointed. The earliest depiction of the administration currently at work within the worldwide Baháʼí community can be found in the writings of Baháʼu'lláh. Their role is as flexible as their Auxiliary board member feels is appropriate. “It is the structure of His New World Order, now stirring in the womb of the administrative institutions He Himself has created, that will serve both as a pattern and a nucleus of that world commonwealth which is the sure, the inevitable destiny of the peoples and nations of the earth.”. Our Inner Life; Dawn of a Brighter Day; Letter of November 24th, 1924. Character of Bahá’í Administration . Menace of Social Chaos; Paramount Duty of Every Bahá’í; Letter of November 27, 1924. The traditional functions of community leadership and moral leadership are not vested in individuals, but in an institutional framework with two main branches. The text must be examined as a cohesive whole. They are also free to voice any relevant concerns they have to the delegation and to the outgoing and incoming Assemblies. It has been the general characteristic of religion that organization marks the interruption of the true spiritual influence and serves to prevent the original impulse from being carried into the world. He revealed principles that guide its operation, established its institutions, appointed ‘Abdu’l-Bahá as the sole interpreter of His Word, and conferred … "Democratic Elections without Campaigns? The Administrative Order It has been the general characteristic of religion that organization marks the interruption of the true spiritual influence and serves to prevent … Bahá'í Faith. In 1968, the Universal House of Justice, in collaboration with the Hands of the Cause of God determined that only a Guardian of the Cause could appoint the Hands of the Cause, and decided to create the Continental Boards of Counsellors, to continue and assist in the work of the Hands. 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