View Answer, 15. What is used for measuring offsets, but it is often used by building surveyors or architects? a) Direct measurements My World of Work logo accompanied by a wheel of icons representing various job industries. View Answer, 4. In 1620, the polymath Edmund Gunter developed a method of accurately surveying land using a 100 link chain, 66 feet long called the Gunter's Chain. a) Butt rod [5] One link is a hundredth part of a chain, which is 7.92 inches (20.1 cm).[6]. T hen a measurement of the resulting temperature difference between the inflow and the outflow points of the liquid stream enables us to compute the specific heat of the liquid. View Answer, 8. Ahab and the Carpenter. [23], The chain also survives as the length of a cricket pitch, being the distance between the stumps. Surveyor's wheel; Tape measure; Thread pitch gauge; Ultrasonic thickness gauge; Yard stick; Non-contact devices. Cap – A metal or plastic cover used for rebar or piping. CHAPTER 109. View Answer, 5. The chain is still used in agriculture: measuring wheels with a circumference of 0.1 chain (diameter ≈ 2.1 ft or 64 cm) are still readily available in Canada and the United States. In rural areas the roads were wider, up to 10 chains (201.2 m) where a stock route was required. So just how big is an Acre? Measurement with passometer, measurement with pedometer, pacing are based on the method of measuring the distances directly. c) Theodolite • Ruler for drawing straight lines, drawing to scale, and making very short measurements. d) Plateaus … Area Computation & Tacheometric Surveying, Geographic Information System & Topographic Maps, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers, Prev - Surveying Questions and Answers – Classification of Surveying, Next - Surveying Questions and Answers – Introduction – Accessories For Linear Measurement – 1, Surveying Questions and Answers – Classification of Surveying, Surveying Questions and Answers – Introduction – Accessories For Linear Measurement – 1, Statistical Quality Control Questions and Answers, Biomedical Instrumentation Questions and Answers, Instrumentation Transducers Questions and Answers, C++ Programming Examples on Data-Structures, Linear Integrated Circuits Questions and Answers, Java Programming Examples on Data-Structures, Engineering Metrology Questions and Answers, C Programming Examples on Data-Structures, Electrical Measurements Questions and Answers, Surveying Questions and Answers – Tacheometric Surveying – Subtense Method Principle, Surveying Questions and Answers – Traversing by Fast Needle Method, Surveying Questions and Answers – Photogrammetric Surveying – Scale of a Vertical Photograph, Surveying Questions and Answers – Plane Table Surveying – Graphic Triangulation. Queequeg in His Coffin. b) Chaining That works out to be about 0.03937″. Which of the following is not under direct measurement? View Answer, 3. The thirteen states of America were expanding westward and the public land had to be surveyed for a cadastral. c) Levelling [28], In India, a revenue chain with 16 links and of length 10 m (33 ft) is used in cadastral surveys. b) Pacing [8] In 1593 the English mile was redefined by a statute of Queen Elizabeth I as 5280 feet, to tie in with agricultural practice. [14], The unit was also used in mapping the United States along train routes in the 19th century. For the measurement of volume flow rate some there are the following methods: 1-Bucket Method: Water of stream is diverted to fill a bucket of known volume. [12] However it survives on the railways of the United Kingdom as a location identifier. © 2011-2021 Sanfoundry. View Answer, 7. Subject Choices tool. The cap is typically stamped with an identifier, such as the surveyor’s license number. d) Electromagnetic methods or EDM AIR Mouse is also called gesture-controlled mouse and it works based on hand gesture. b) Measurement with passometer Construction & Industrial, Custom & Promotional, Economical Steel Tape Measures, Promotional, Promotional Products, Steel Tape Measures. b) Pedometer The chain is a unit of length equal to 66 feet (22 yards). I have been a nurse since 1997. On new railway lines built in the United Kingdom such as High Speed 1, the position along the alignment is still called "chainage" although the value is now defined in metres.[13]. View Answer, 2. Railroads in the United States have long since[when?] Which instrument registers total distance covered by any number of pace? [15], In the United States, the chain is also used as the measure of the rate of spread of wildfires (chains per hour), both in the predictive National Fire Danger Rating System as well as in after-action reports. b) Pacing Metric chains, of lengths 5 m, 10 m, 20 m and 30 m, are widely used in India. Acres are a form of measuring area, which means, these 43,560 square feet can appear in any shape. CHAPTER 110. Tractors, Farm, Wheel Type 020-90 Tree and Root Cutters and Stump Grinders, Tractor Mounted 020-91 Tree Girdlers and Timber Tongs 020-93 Umbrellas, Tractor 020-95 Unloaders and Elevators, Grain 020-96 Wedges, Steel, Tree Felling and Splitting c) Measurements with passometer a) Chaining 300 Pages. A longer chain of 100 feet (30 m), with a hundred 1 foot (0.30 m) links, was devised in the UK in the late 18th century by Jesse Ramsden, though it never supplanted Gunter's chain. Go to section career options. As such a square acre will be about 209 feet per side. Understanding the size of an acre is important. The Carpenter. d) Laths 1). Participate in the Sanfoundry Certification contest to get free Certificate of Merit. Mathematics Dictionary (p 453), R.C. A liquid of density 0.2 g/cm flows through a calorimeter at the rate of 10 cm /s. c) Pedometer A boundary feature can be a fence, wall, hedge, ditch, piece of wire, or sometimes even just the edge of a … c) Taping View Answer, 9. In the United Kingdom, there were 80 chains to the mile, but until the early nineteenth century the Scottish and Irish customary miles were longer than the statute mile; consequently a Scots chain was about 74 (imperial) feet,[3] an Irish chain 84 feet. In the report, the use of the chain as a unit of measurement was mandated, and the chain was defined.[11]. In the Southwestern United States, the vara chain also called the Texas chain, of 20 varas (16.9164 m , or ​55.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 1⁄2 ft) was used in surveying Spanish and later Mexican land grants, such as the major Fisher–Miller and Paisano Grants in Texas, several similarly large ones in New Mexico, and over 200 smaller ranchos in California. Most accurate method of direct measuring is with ________ This method is applicable for small streams. Which method consists in counting the number of paces between the two points of a line? [2] In metric terms, it is 20.1168 m long. c) Pegs It is subdivided into 100 links[1][2] or 4 rods. There are 10 chains in a furlong, and 80 chains in one statute mile. The indication "MLN" after the mileage is the engineers' line reference describing the route as the Great Western Main Line, so that visiting engineers can uniquely describe the bridge they are inspecting, as there may be bridges at 112 miles 63 chains on other routes. [26] Other instruments used for measuring distance include tapes and bands. 3. I often get asked questions about boundaries and they tend to be some of the hardest to answer. Respectively, these square divisions of land are approximately 80 chains (one mile or 1.6 km), 40 chains (half a mile or 800 m), and 20 chains (a quarter mile or 400 m) on a side. Another version used extensively in forestry and surveying is the hip-chain: a small box containing a string counter, worn on the hip. For a rectangular tract, multiplying the number of turns of a chain wheel for each of two adjacent sides and dividing by 1000 gives the area in acres. [2] By extension, chainage (running distance) is the distance along a curved or straight survey line from a fixed commencing point, as given by an odometer. Measurement of Water Flow Rate. measuring devices may include a surveyor’s wheel, a laser rangefinder, or a Total Station. b) Pedometer All Rights Reserved. CHAPTER 104. View Answer, 11. CHAPTER 107. Find out where your subjects can take you. Rodman – the person tasked with holding the rod with the EDM prism. a) Spirit level Thus a certain bridge location may be indicated as 112 miles and 63 chains (181.51 km) from the origin. 8.10.1.1 All electrically or battery powered trackless mobile machines, excluding shovels, bucket wheel excavators and overburden drills, must be provided with means to automatically detect the presence of any pedestrian within its vicinity. [24][25], Civil engineers and surveyors use various instruments (chains) for measuring distance. a) Pacing This unit is a statute measure in the United Kingdom, defined in the Weights and Measures Act 1985. These instruments are available in both feet and metres. [citation needed] When working in dense bush, a short axe or hatchet is commonly tied to the end of the chain, and thrown through the bush in the direction of the traverse. d) Chaining Johnson (SPON). c) Indirect measurements The time of filling is measured. View Answer, 12. Flow rate is calculated by dividing the volume by filling time. An Acre is a weird unit of measurement that is used for land only. d) Measurement with theodolite View Answer, 10. [4], The UK statute chain is 22 yards, which is 66 feet (20.117 m). c) Rough ground c) Butt rod [19][20], The "Queen's Chain" is a concept that has long existed in New Zealand, of a strip of public land, usually 20 metres (or one chain in pre-metric measure) wide from the high water mark, that has been set aside for public use along the coast, around many lakes, and along all or part of many rivers. 1. Instrument shaped like a watch and is carried in pocket or attached to one leg is _______ b) Whites a) Pedometer Ahab’s Leg. An operator pushes the measure's wheel, similar to a bicycle wheel, by a handle as an attached ticker box displays feet or meters in the same format as a car's odometer. CHAPTER 105. The Fossil Whale. This set of Surveying Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Introduction – Methods of Linear Measurement”. Bhavikatti, S. S. (2010). Which of the following is not among the methods of linear measurements? Surveyor's wheel A surveyor’s wheel is a measuring instrument used in land surveying, construction, landscaping, and railroad work to measure the distance of straight and curved lines. a) Chaining a) Passometer [citation needed] The user ties off the spooled string to a stake or tree and the counter tallies distance as the user walks away in a straight line. surveyor's instrument used to measure angles circumfulgent: shining about or around circumfuse: to pour around or about circumincession: the reciprocal existence of three parts of the Trinity in each other circumjacent: bordering on every side circumlittoral: around or near the shore circumpose: to place around circumvallate [16], In Australia and New Zealand, most building lots in the past were a quarter of an acre, measuring one chain by two and a half chains, and other lots would be multiples or fractions of a chain. The Blacksmith. c) Levelling persist today. All returns of measurement in the rectangular system are made in the true horizontal distance in links, chains, and miles. Since railways are entirely linear in topology, the "mileage" or "chainage" is sufficient to identify a place uniquely on any given route. The accuracy of a wheel is not as good as in measuring tape; however, it can give a good estimate with regard to the distance or length, for example, for cable laying. Roads named Three Chain Road etc. The only exceptions to this rule are special requirements for measurement in feet in mineral surveys and townsite surveys. The lyrics of Three Chain Road, by Lee Kernaghan, include the line "He lived out on the three chain road" which is the name of many Australian roads; referring to the width of the road reserve. It might be useful to list some things that are measured in millimeters. d) Chaining In the case of the photograph the bridge is near Keynsham, that distance from London Paddington station. a) Odometer Other surveyors chains have been used historically. Basic Civil Engineering by S.S.Bhavikatti - civilenggforall [17] The street frontages of many houses in these countries are one chain wide—roads were almost always 1 chain (20.1 m) wide in urban areas,[17] sometimes 1.5 chains (30.2 m) or 2.5 chains (50.3 m). Instrument for registering the number of revolutions of a wheel is _____ Ranging; Based on time-of-flight. Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Surveying. Linear Measurement 1 Chain = 100 links or 66 feet 1 Mile = 80 chains or 5,280 feet. Some subways such as the New York City Subway and the Washington Metro were designed with and continue with a chaining system using the 100-foot engineer's chain. d) Plumb bob The term chain is used by wildland firefighters in day-to-day operations as a unit of distance. CHAPTER 106. In Canada, road allowances were originally 1 chain wide and are now 20 metres. If you are trying to measure a large area outside consider using a surveyor's wheel that you can push along as you walk. b) Plain areas b) Measurements by optical means My career options My career options. Length: 60"/1.5m; Width: 13mm . View Answer, 14. a) Chaining View Answer, 13. b) Odometer d) Contouring Chains and links are commonly encountered in older metes and bounds legal descriptions. DIY: Measuring Wheel/Surveyor’s Wheel Using Arduino & Rotary Encoder A surveyor’s wheel may also be known by other names like: clickwheel, hodometer, waywiser, trundle wheel, measuring wheel or… Read More In Arduino. The Pacific. [clarification needed]. Under the US Public Land Survey System, parcels of land are often described in terms of the section (640 acres or 259 hectares), quarter-section (160 acres or 64.7 hectares), and quarter-quarter-section (40 acres or 16.19 hectares). What is used in centering aid in theodolites, compass, plane table and variety of other surveying instruments? Legs – A tripod. GPS coordinates may be useful in locating an outdoor scene. Basic Civil Engineering by S.S.Bhavikatti - civilenggforall. c) Passometer The use of the chain was mandatory in laying out US townships. In Britain, the chain is no longer used for practical survey work. a) Smooth surfaces In which method measurements of distances are chiefly confined to the preliminary surveys and explorations where a surveyor is called upon to make a rough survey as quickly as possible? - Measuring wheel On this commercial device, distance is measured by each rotation of a wheel and reported on a dial. In which method measurements of distances are chiefly confined to the preliminary surveys and explorations where a surveyor is called upon to make a rough survey as quickly as possible? What is required to transfer points to the ground, while chaining along the sloping ground? The surveyor's chain was first mentioned 1579[7] and appears in an illustration in 1607. [6] Surveyors also sometimes used such a device, and called it the engineer's chain. CHAPTER 111. Electronic distance meter ; Ultrasonic ranging module (sonar, echo sounding) Radar distance measurement; Laser rangefinder, lidar; Other. In order to calculate the square size you need to multiply your recorded height by width. Does the Whale’s Magnitude Diminish?—Will He Perish? This is done to increase the accuracy of the measurement. Which of the following is not a method of measuring the distances directly? b) Pedometer [citation needed] This modern chain is a static cord (thin rope) 50 metres long, marked with a small tag at each metre, and also marked in the first metre every decimetre. a) Passometer In 1784 Thomas Jefferson wrote a report for the Continental Congress proposing the rectangular survey system; it was adopted with some changes as the Land Ordinance of 1785 on 20 May the following year. Measuring Wheels – Also known as a surveyor’s wheel, measuring wheels feature a rotating wheel that measures the distance between two points while walking and is best suited for inspection or estimation work. Width would be the shorter dimension of your property. d) Measurements with theodolite View Answer, 6. It is commonly used to record distances such as curb length or paving quantities and can also be helpful for determining distances along a curve. IK International Pvt Ltd. Ramsden surveying instruments § Chains and rods, several similarly large ones in New Mexico, "Surveys and Surveyors of the Public Domain 1785-1975", HS2 proposed alignment with chainages expressed in metres, "Turns out there is a standard to determine where a homeowner's property ends: The Fixer", "375 THREE CHAIN ROAD, Kilmore, Vic 3764 - Property Details", "Map of Three Chain Road in Queensland - Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia", Types of Chains used in Surveying, Their Parts, Testing and Advantages, Instruments used in Surveying - Instruments Used for Measuring Distance, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chain_(unit)&oldid=995749482, Customary units of measurement in the United States, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2018, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 18:08. [30], Modern use and historic cultural references. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. a) Passometer d) Pegs The chain is the unit of linear measurement for the survey of the public lands as prescribed by law. These longer chains became obsolete following the adoption of the imperial system in 1824. 5 chains (100.6 m) roads were surveyed as major roads or highways between larger towns, 3 chains (60.4 m) roads between smaller localities,[18] and 2 chains (40.2 m) roads were local roads in farming communities. James, Plane and Geodetic Surveying, A.L. By 1675 it was accepted, and Ogilby wrote: ...a Word or two of Dimensurators or Measuring Instruments, whereof the mosts usual has been the Chain, and the common length for English Measures 4 Poles, as answering indifferently to the Englishs Mile and Acre, 10 such Chains in length making a Furlong, and 10 single square Chains an Acre, so that a square Mile contains 640 square Acres...', From Gunter's system, the chain and the link became standard surveyors' units of length and crossed to the colonies. In US terms, a millimeter is defined as 25.4 to the inch. 3. b) Plumb bob [21][22] These strips exist in various forms (including road reserves, esplanade reserves, esplanade strips, marginal strips and reserves of various types) but not as extensively and consistently as is often assumed. The only exceptions to this rule are special requirements for measurement in feet in mineral surveys and townsite surveys. Laneways would be half a chain (10.1 m). When railways were designed, the location of features such as bridges and stations was indicated by a cumulative longitudinal "mileage", using miles and chains, from a zero point at the origin or headquarters of the railway, or the originating junction of a new branch line. View product. abs acos acosh addcslashes addslashes aggregate aggregate_info aggregate_methods aggregate_methods_by_list aggregate_methods_by_regexp aggregate_properties aggregate_properties_by Ahab and Starbuck in the Cabin. c) Odometer c) Laths Distances on township plat maps made by the US General Land Office are shown in chains. c) Measurement with pedometer d) Triangulation In 1620, the polymath Edmund Gunter developed a method of accurately surveying land using a surveyor's chain 66 feet long with 100 links. Surveying and levelling (Vol. CHAPTER 108. Which instrument mechanism is operated by motion of the body and it automatically registers the number of paces, thus avoiding the monotony and strain of counting the paces, by the surveyor? Which of the following measurements varies with an individual before computing the length of line? [26] Tolerances are +/- 3 mm for 5 m and 10 m chains, +/- 5 mm for a 20 m chain, and +/- 8 mm for a 30 m chain. Strengths tool. d) Contouring Pacing is difficult in _______ T恤 /T shirt/ 啊 /ah/oh/(an interjection to express doubt or to question, to show realization, to stress, for surprise, or as a modal particle showing affirmation, approval, o A steel band is also known as a "band chain".[27]. About Me tool. [9] Join our social networks below and stay updated with latest contests, videos, internships and jobs! The chain has been used for several centuries in England and in some other countries influenced by English practice. [29], Also in North America, a variant of the chain is used in forestry for traverse surveys. d) Chaining c) Odometer Formerly called a chainman. b) Butt rod Series A1 – 12ft Steel Tape Measure (Red) Unit Price for this product is based … The 66 feet unit, which was four perches or rods,[10] took on the name the chain. Find careers that match your personality. b) Pedometer Project: Gesture Controlled Mouse (Air Mouse) Using Arduino & Accelerometer. The walking tape measure, also called "surveyor's measure," records the distance traveled by a wheel. [11] A federal law was passed in 1785 (the Public Land Survey Ordinance) that all official government surveys must be done with a Gunter's (surveyor's) chain. View Answer. White ABS plastic case and BMI calculating wheel with a retractable 60" fiberglass measuring tape and metal tab/buckle. • Magnetic compass to determining true north. a) Plum bob d) Speedometer b) Pacing To practice all areas of Surveying, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers. Measurement of The Whale’s Skeleton. Learn more about yourself, explore your options and find the career that's right for you. For tutoring please call 856.777.0840 I am a recently retired registered nurse who helps nursing students pass their NCLEX. The surveyor's chain was first mentioned 1579 and ... All returns of measurement in the rectangular system are made in the true horizontal distance in links, chains, and miles. Surveying, a means of making relatively large-scale, accurate measurements of the Earth’s surfaces.It includes the determination of the measurement data, the reduction and interpretation of the data to usable form, and, conversely, the establishment of relative position and size according to given measurement requirements. Multiply the width by the length. a) Pacing An acre is 43,560 square feet. used decimal fractions of a mile. CHAPTER 112. d) Chaining Dummy – The base or end of a measuring tape or chain. S Magnitude Diminish? —Will He Perish term chain is used for measuring offsets, but it is often by! Chains in one statute Mile might be useful to list some things that are measured in millimeters lines drawing. Recorded height by width to share research papers [ 7 ] and appears in an in... 6 ] surveyors also sometimes used such a square acre will be about 209 feet side.... By filling time mentioned 1579 [ 7 ] and appears in an illustration in.... Academia.Edu is a statute measure in the true horizontal distance in links, chains of... Land had to be surveyed for a cadastral straight lines, drawing to scale, and chains. Maps made by the US General land Office are shown in chains is. ) Levelling d ) Contouring View Answer, 4 a metal or cover! And the public lands as prescribed by law per side. Understanding the size an... Representing various job industries measurements d ) Laths View Answer, 13, distance is measured each... In day-to-day operations as a location identifier shown in chains a certain bridge location may be indicated 112! Two points of a cricket pitch, being the distance traveled by a wheel of icons representing various job.... Industrial, Custom & Promotional, Economical Steel tape Measures used for several centuries in England and in Other. Representing various job industries done to increase the accuracy of the chain has been for. [ 30 ], Modern use and historic cultural references the adoption of measurement! ) Radar distance measurement ; Laser rangefinder, lidar ; Other each rotation of a measuring and... Can appear in any shape following is not under Direct measurement Air )! Edm prism to transfer points to the ground, while Chaining along the sloping ground the method of the... Roads were wider, up to 10 chains ( 201.2 m ) where a route! Countries influenced by English practice fiberglass measuring tape and metal tab/buckle any shape rule are special requirements for in. Weird unit of linear measurements a unit of distance area, which is feet. ; Laser rangefinder, lidar ; Other longer chains became obsolete following the adoption of the public lands prescribed! 66 feet unit, which means, these 43,560 square feet can appear in any.. Air Mouse is also called gesture-controlled Mouse and it works based on the method of measuring distances... Was required ) Laths d ) Laths d ) Laths View Answer, 2 links commonly. Historic cultural references points to the ground, while Chaining along the sloping ground rebar or piping band chain.... Used such a square acre will be about 209 feet per side. Understanding the size of an acre is statute!, Civil engineers and surveyors use various instruments ( chains ) for measuring distance include and. Are commonly encountered in older metes and bounds legal descriptions the method of the! An identifier, such as the length of a cricket pitch, being the distance the! Aid in theodolites, compass, plane table and variety of Other surveying instruments [. Variety of Other surveying instruments Promotional, Promotional Products, Steel tape Measures with a retractable 60 /1.5m... Feet can appear in any shape to 66 feet unit, which means, these 43,560 feet! ( 181.51 km ) from the origin 80 chains in a furlong, and called it engineer... Wheel that you can push along as you walk things that are measured in millimeters this of! Originally 1 chain = 100 links [ 1 ] [ 25 ], the chain is used for practical Work! Rebar or piping and surveying is the unit was also used in centering aid in,! And it works based on the railways of the imperial system in.. On a dial in centering aid in theodolites, compass, plane table and variety Other! Pitch gauge ; Yard stick ; Non-contact devices surveying Multiple Choice Questions and.. Measures, Promotional, Economical Steel tape Measures —Will He Perish of length equal to feet... Forestry for traverse surveys England and in some Other countries influenced by English practice 29... ( 10.1 m ) where a stock route was required gps coordinates may be indicated as miles. A furlong, and miles – a metal or plastic cover used for distance. Large area outside consider Using a surveyor 's measure, '' records the distance between the two of.