He never sinned. That story is complex. He said, “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the prophets; I did not come to abolish, but to fulfill.” (Matthew 5:17). Next they knew Him as the Suffering Servant who died as a sacrifice for their sins. First, they understood that He is the Messiah, the Son of David. Concerning the Temple, He said, “Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it again.” (John 2:19) And He is the priest who offers the sacrifice. But Jerusalem fell, and for six hundred years no son of David sat on the throne. In living a perfect life, Jesus fulfilled the moral laws; in His sacrificial death, Jesus fulfilled the ceremonial laws. The divide of sin is great, but Jesus’ sacrifice of Love is greater. It is a symptom of an ignorant and unhealthy state of religion when the law is lightly esteemed. We cannot be justified by it. He is the King Who rules His people for God. What is the Reformed Presbyterian Church? Messiah would be born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14) Fulfilled in Matthew 1:22-23; Luke 1:26-31. (Matthew 28:18-20). The early church debated and searched the Scriptures for the answer to that question. But Isaiah continued and said that the Servant of the Lord would be pierced through for our transgressions. I would. (I Corinthians 13:12) We cannot yet eat from the Tree of Life. Let’s look more closely now at how Jesus fulfills God’s Covenant made through Moses. Faithful Jews, however, believed Jeremiah’s word and similar prophecies by Isaiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Micah, Zechariah, and all the prophets: that God would one day raise up a son of David to sit on his throne. Jesus said that he had come to fulfill the law and the prophets. Why Did the Reformed Presbyterian Church Oppose Slavery? Over and over again, Israel turns away. What Scriptures taught such a sad fate for the Messiah? The next Covenant would be even greater. However, He is both King and Lamb. Daily, weekly, and especially at the great feasts, the priests at the temple sacrificed animals on the altar. The relation between our Lord's teaching and that of the Old Testament is cleared up by our Lord in one striking sentence. How Does Jesus Fulfill the Law and the Prophets? Is it Okay to Watch Football on the TV on Sundays? This also is what is meant by Jesus when he said that he came not to abolish the law but to fulfill it, (Matthew 5:17). The History of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America from 1528 to 2004, The History of the Broomall, PA Congregation of the RPCNA. I didn't come to destroy, but to fulfill" (Matthew 5:17). Jesus came to fulfill the predictions of the prophets, who had long foretold that a Savior would one day appear. Christ came not to destroy the old religious system but to build upon it; He came to finish the Old Covenant and establish the New. This is how Jesus fulfills the Old Testament and makes it new. The New Testament seeks to announce the gospel of Jesus—his life, death, and resurrection—as the fullest expression of Israel’s story. The argument stems from several key Scriptures: Isaiah 11:1-9, Isaiah 2:3-4, and Micah 4:2-3. The last Old Testament prophet, John the Baptist, taught the same thing. But we don’t need such a tape. First, He is the Son of God as well as the Son of David. By this Covenant God promised dominion over the earth to mankind and life everlasting in return for obedience. A Congregation in the Atlantic Presbyteryof the, “These are my words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things which are written about Me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” Then He opened their minds to understand the Scriptures. He said, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood.” (Luke 22:20) (“New covenant” translates the Greek “kaine diatheke,” a rendering preferred in modern English translations, except that the familiar “New Testament” is still used to name the Scriptures written in connection with the New Covenant.). Come, Lord Jesus.” (Revelation 22:20). Trinity. Not only did Elisha have as his forerunner Elijah in the Old Testament, but Jesus had as His fore-runner Elijah or John the Baptist as well: as God said at the end of the Old Testament… English-speaking Christians call the Hebrew Scriptures the “Old Testament.” A better translation of Palaia Diatheke, the name of the “Old Testament” in the original Greek, is “Old Covenant.” God made the Old, or Mosaic, Covenant with Israel at Mt. Jesus and the apostles repeatedly cited OT Scripture that proved Him the Messiah. Seed. The Old Covenant is recorded in Exodus 19-24 and more generally in Exodus to Deuteronomy. Let us not suppose for a moment that it is set aside by the gospel or that Christians have nothing to do with it. I didn't come to destroy, but to fulfill" (Matthew 5:17). Jesus came not to destroy the Law and the Prophets but to fulfill them. Reading Time: 8 minutes Only One Person Has Fulfilled All Old Testament Messianic Prophecy. J. Barton Payne in his Encyclopedia of Bible Prophecy, gives a list of 191 prophecies that he deems as … Jesus, in his prophetic ministry, fulfilled the role of a prophet. Jesus came to fulfill the predictions of the prophets, who had long foretold that a Savior would one day appear. (Acts 2:34, Psalm 110:1) Jesus, the Son of David, is also the Son of God, He is the Lamb of God who died for our sins, and He is the Resurrected King. Jesus explicitly states that he is not attempting to dissolve or annul the authority and principles of the Old Testament but rather, is purposed to “fulfill them”, unfold their meaning and embody them in a living, human form. Abraham--Through Jesus, all people of the world are blessed. He saved Abraham by faith which shows that Gentiles as well as Jews can be saved. The proof that God’s plan for salvation was always that it would be by faith in Christ alone is found in His Covenant with Abraham. The canon of Scripture closes with the witness of His immediate followers. Then they understood that Jesus is the One Seed of Abraham Who inherits the covenant promises made to Abraham. But Christ was really sacrificed. The People had waited for a thousand years. He would be like a lamb led to slaughter, and He would be buried with the rich. That covenant is recorded in II Samuel 7 and celebrated in Psalms 89 and 132. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.” (John 14:2-3) No wonder the Bible ends with the words, “Amen. For instance, the crucifixion of Jesus was foretold in Psalm 22:16-18 approximately 1,000 years before Christ was born, long before this method of execution was even practiced. But they sometimes resist obeying Him as King. They had to be forced to see in Him the sacrifice for their sins. This article lists many references to the Old Testament found on the lips of Jesus in the Gospels. Christians Jesus therefore is the recipient of the great promises made to Abraham: that his offspring would be as many as the stars in the sky (Israel under the Old Covenant, the church today), that he would inherit a land (Canaan, and now all the world), and that in Him all the nations of the earth would be blessed (by Israel’s witness to its neighbors, now by the Church’s worldwide testimony.) Noah--The waters now redeem us instead of destroying us. In its right place it is just as important as "the glorious gospel." Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. If anything, it exalted and raised their authority (Romans 3:31). He is much more in three ways. (Isaiah 42:1-9, 49:3-13, 52:13-53:12) Messiah, the Servant of the Lord, would die to take away Israel’s sin. God accepted Abraham by faith long before He gave the Law to Moses and even before God told Abraham to observe circumcision. Paul writes, “Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. Where the first Adam failed, Jesus succeeded. Throughout the Gospels, we find Jesus confirming many of the accounts in the Old Testament, such as the destruction of Sodom and the death of Lot’s wife (Luke 17:29, 32) the murder of Abel by his brother Cain (Luke 11:51), the calling of Moses (Mark 12:26), and the manna given in the wilderness (John 6:31–51). Jesus is the ultimate seed of promise. In this article I will not list Old Testament prophecies such as “born in Bethlehem” (Micah 5:2, Matthew 2:4-6) or “buried with the rich” (Isaiah 53:9, Matthew 27:57-60) and cite their fulfillment by Jesus. Jesus’ followers first understood how He fulfilled the Covenant with David, second how He fulfilled the Mosaic Covenant, and later how He fulfilled the Covenants with Abraham and Adam. “If any man is in Christ, he is a new creature.” (II Corinthians 5:17) Jesus is the conqueror of death who has reconciled us to God and will bring us home to Him. Jesus is God’s agent to bring salvation to a lost humanity and heal a broken world. He is the Prophet like Moses, only greater. For them God’s plan of salvation unfolded with the Israelites, then was added to and redefined by Christ. The saints in the Old Testament saw many things through a glass darkly. Tabernacle furniture was a constant reminder of man’s sinfulness and need for a Savior. rabbinic. Get The Fulfillment: Jesus and the Old Testament by Timothy Tennent to learn more about how Jesus fulfills the story of God and fulfills prophecy in a special way.. 1. John writes concerning the end of our exile from God’s Presence: “And he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb, in the middle of its street. They were therefore to go teach all nations. having to do with the rabbis, the leaders of Judaism. So, why did Jesus come to fulfill the Law and the Prophets? The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all. He fulfilled an old one. Paul writes, “Therefore, be sure that it is those who are of faith who are sons of Abraham.” (Galatians 3:7) Jesus fulfills the Covenant with Abraham because He is the One Seed of Abraham. Jesus fulfills God’s Covenant with Adam by perfectly obeying the Law. He says, "Don't think that I came to destroy the law, or the prophets. The Mosaic Covenant did not do away with the Covenant made with Abraham; it could not nullify a promise made already. -- Luke 24:44-45, Wouldn’t you love to hear a tape of Jesus’ talk showing how He fulfilled the Old Testament? Jesus accepted the Old Testament Scriptures as being divinely authoritative; He never cast doubt on any of the accounts recorded in it. The true Christian "delights in God's law" (Romans 7:20). Here is an irony of history. But never, never let us despise it. He is the Second Adam from whom the human race takes a new beginning. The prophet Jeremiah witnessed Jerusalem’s fall and the crisis of faith godly Israelites felt. That story is complex. Jesus fulfilled the prophetic promise of a Messiah, but He is much more than another David ruling Israel. Christians are commanded to read the Old Testament and are allowed to benefit from it, but they do not take everything in it as final. God’s word came to Jeremiah: Thus says the Lord, “If you can break My covenant for the day, and My covenant for the night, so that day and night will not be at their appointed time, then My covenant may also be broken with David My servant that he shall not have a son to reign on his throne.” (Jeremiah 33:20-21). Eight days after Jesus was born, Simeon took baby Jesus in his arms and, quoting Isaiah, called Jesus “A light of revelation to the Gentiles.” (Isaiah 42:6, Luke 2:32) In His last instructions before His ascension Jesus told His disciples that all authority in heaven and on earth was His. The books of the Old Testament contain many passages about the Messiah—all prophecies Jesus Christ fulfilled. But beyond that we live forever IN Jesus and He IN us. His reign as Messiah would appear to end even before it began. The significance of this point is primarily that it anticipates the divine origin of Jesus and serves as the basis for the … 3. The writer to the Hebrews answers “No,” and shows why from the very sacrificial system of Moses. “And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. The New Testament is Jesus’ interpretation of the Old Testament. Put another way, the Old Testament is like an intricate … He does not say, ‘And to seeds,’ as referring to many, but rather to one, ‘And to your seed,’ that is Christ.” (Galatians 3:16) Isaac, whom Abraham almost sacrificed at God’s command, was only an illustration, a type, of Christ. But in Christ the Second Adam all is renewed. The Scriptures written in connection with the Old Covenant contain: 1) the Law, with Genesis as a Prologue to the Covenant; 2) the Prophets, Early: Joshua to II Kings, covering the history of Israel in Canaan, and Later: Isaiah to Malachi; and 3) the Writings, I Chronicles to Song of Solomon, covering Israel’s later history and its Wisdom literature. The New Testament says the following about the prophetic ministry of Jesus. 4. New and Everlasting Covenant – Communion/Eucharist The Covenants in the Old Testament kept growing until the Lord’s people had grown to a national kingdom. (Galatians 3:6-8) When a person believes in Christ, he is united to Him by faith and becomes one of Abraham’s offspring. Christians are commanded to read the Old Testament and are allowed to benefit from it, but they do not take everything in it as final. Old Testament lessons are still relevant in a modern-day world. The Old Testament is the gospel in the bud. Conservatively, Jesus fulfilled at least 300 prophecies in His earthly ministry. How did, does, and shall Jesus Christ fulfill the promises of the Old Covenant? The misconception that Jesus did not fulfill the Messianic prophecies of the Old Testament is predominately held by Jewish People. Scholars differ in their answers, generally ranging from about 200 to 400. What does the New Testament say about Jesus? Psalm 22, whose opening lines He quoted on the cross, “My God, My God, Why have you forsaken Me” (Matthew 27:46, Psalm 22:1), ends with triumph, “I will tell Thy name to my brethren.” (Psalm 22:22-31) The resurrected Jesus fulfills the words of Psalm 110 by sitting at God’s right hand, not on earth but in heaven. All the promises of God in the Old Testament are fulfilled in Jesus Christ. Second, Jesus unites in Himself the identity of all three Mediators that God established between Himself and Israel. Like Isaac, whose birth was miraculous, Jesus miraculously was born to fulfill the covenant made with Abraham and to fulfill every promise God ever made to mankind. It is God’s Covenant with Adam and his descendants which God renewed with Noah after the Flood. He commands his disciples to teach all nations his words first and foremost. Also, beware of despising the law of the Ten Commandments. When Jesus asked his disciples, “But who do you say that I am?” Peter answered for them all: “You are the Christ.” (Mark 8:29) When we call Jesus of Nazareth “Jesus Christ,” we confess that He is the Messiah, the son of David, sitting on His throne in the heavenly Jerusalem. (Matthew 22:45) The Pharisees had no answer to that question: fathers do not call their sons “lord.” The answer lies in Jesus’ identity as the Son of God as well as the Son of Man. How did, does, and shall Jesus Christ fulfill the promises of the Old Covenant? Who is Jesus? And on either side of the river was the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. He inherits the promise of being a blessing to all nations of the earth when He grants salvation to all who trust in Him apart from works of the Law. (Genesis 12:1-3) The nations are blessed by being saved through faith in Christ, just as Abraham was saved by faith alone. He is much more in three ways. What Does It Mean to Be a Daughter of Christ? In predicting a Messiah the prophets and Psalmists promised a King Who would fulfill God’s Covenant with David. In sum, His interpretation is this: “You search the Scriptures, because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is these that bear witness of Me.” (John 5:39) Jesus did not start a new religion. How Can God Make Good What Was Meant for Evil? Jesus is both David’s heir and the fulfillment of sacrificial worship. The key word here is “fulfill.” The New Testament authors, while valuing the Old Testament as revelation, saw Jesus to be the fulfillment of that revelation. It opens with this announcement: “The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David.” (Matthew 1:1) It closes with these words: “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things for the churches. The following are scriptures and prophecies from the Old Testament that were correctly fulfilled in the first coming of Jesus Christ. At the same time we are going to work forward through the New Testament. For all the promises of God find their Yes in him. How does Jesus fulfill the covenants God made in the Old Testament with: 1. Since then everyone has died. After a four hundred year rule King David’s dynasty ended. By it, the Spirit shows men their need of Christ and drives them to Him. We have the New Testament! If He would render Himself as a guilt offering, He will see His offspring, He will prolong His days.” (Isaiah 53:10) David himself, Peter noted on the Day of Pentecost, prophesied Messiah’s Resurrection in Psalm 16 when he wrote, “Thou wilt not suffer Thy Holy One to undergo decay.” (Psalm 16:8-11, Acts 2:25-31) And Jesus Himself said many times that He would rise on the third day. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle. To it, Christ refers His people as their rule and guide for holy living. So, the question of how many prophecies Jesus fulfilled is difficult to answer with precision. Through Jeremiah God made explicit the promise of a New Covenant to replace Moses’ Covenant. Paul is simply following the example of the Lord Jesus who established his teaching by quoting from the Old Testament. They have been organized by the three divisions of the Old Testament: Torah (Five Books of Moses), Prophets (or Neviim), and Writings (or Ketuvim). Jesus is the great fulfillment of these Old Testament symbols. After God had sent Peter to Cornelius, the Holy Spirit guided the Apostles and elders to understand that Jesus’ fulfillment of Moses’ Covenant meant that sacrifice, the Temple worship, the sacraments of Passover and Circumcision, and the laws which separated Israel from the Gentiles, such as the dietary laws, were no longer necessary. Any number of study Bibles do that quite well. The New Testament is the gospel in full flower. (Deuteronomy 18:18, Acts 3:22) God’s final word to the world has come through His Son, Jesus. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, on the throne of David and over his kingdom.” (Isaiah 9:6-7) Jesus Himself pointed out that David in Psalm 110 speaks of Messiah’s victories and calls his Son “lord.” “If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his son?” Jesus asked. (Matthew 5:17-19) In Matthew’s account of the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus said: Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. The Mosaic Covenant was a temporary application of God’s promises to Abraham until the true heir of those promises, Jesus, was born. No, they concluded. He is both. The religion of the Old Testament is the embryo of Christianity. We’ll begin with the Jewish longing for a Messiah, promised clearly by the Later Prophets. All rights reserved. Public Domain. Genesis 3:15…..Seed of a woman (virgin birth)…..Luke 1:35, Matthew 1:18-20 2. Because of Adam’s sin the whole human race has been exiled from God’s presence. Adam lost Paradise. He never said, “Thus saith the Lord,” the common introductory claim of God’s prophets. 2. What's Important about Jesus Not Breaking Any Bones? Galatians 3:16. Abraham, the Scriptures testify, believed God and it was reckoned to him as righteousness. The sacrifice of Jesus was according to the Old Testament requirements of the law.Following is a comparison of requirements in the Old Testament and the fulfillment in the New Testament. Everything in the tabernacle is fulfilled in Him. The Old Covenant is to the New Covenant what promise is to fulfillment. The words he spoke and the hope he communicated attracted them. Does he have to be circumcised according to the Law of Moses and also believe in Christ? Old Testament Laws: Jesus and Laws How did Jesus fulfill the law? First, He is the Son of God as well as the Son of David. Amen. Philip Kosloski-published on 03/25/18. He is the Messiah, the Son of David. Or does he only have to repent and believe in Christ? (Revelation 5:6) If a person will not have Christ as King, he will not have Him as sacrifice either. Core Truth: The life, death, and resurrection of Jesus reenact and fulfill the Old Testament story. But Adam failed and was expelled from Paradise. One should not overlook what the Lord Jesus himself said: “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them” (Matthew 5:17). He was at war with Satan, resisting His temptations and casting out demons. Instead, I plan to show how Jesus of Nazareth fulfills all of the promises made by God in His covenants with David, Israel, Abraham, and Adam. Not only is He the sacrifice, He is also the Temple. Exodus 33:11 And the Lord spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. The revelation to his disciples about Jesus’ authority in words is now complete. How does He fulfill the Old Testament? But Jesus’ words take priority in the Christian’s life. Do not despise the Old Testament under any pretense whatsoever. He is the Second Adam, the beginning of a new human race. He is the Priest Who brings the people before God in worship. To the serpent God said, “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, and you shall bruise him on the heel.” (Genesis 3:15) God would not allow friendship between man and Satan to last. Christians honor the Old Testament as the Word of God, just as Jesus did. three persons one God. Sinai. God the Father, God, and God the Holy Spirit. By being the Son of David and God’s chosen Messiah to suffer for His people, rise to life, and ascend to heaven to rule, Jesus fulfills God’s Covenant with David beyond Israel’s wildest dreams. On the Day of Atonement the High Priest sprinkled blood on the Mercy Seat in the Most Holy Place. Jesus fulfilled all the Old Covenant types and shadows. Jesus does three things to complete what the Old Testament started. That is, when you have Christ, sooner or later you will have both Christ himself and all else that God promised through Christ. He is Emmanuel, as Isaiah prophesied, meaning “God with us.” (Isaiah 7:14, Matthew 1:23) “For a child will be born to us,” Isaiah wrote elsewhere. In foretelling a Suffering Servant Messiah who would die for the sins of His people, they also promised a Messiah Who would fulfill the worship and life of Israel under Moses’ Covenant. Christianity.com is a member of the Salem Web Network of sites including: Copyright © 2021, Christianity.com. How many prophecies are there in the Old Testament that were fulfilled by Jesus? But they all looked by faith to the same Savior and were led by the same Spirit as ourselves. 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